Weekly Newsletter: Legit by Internationalism

Updated: Jul 13

Read Top 10 weekly News on Sports, Business, Entertainment, Blogs and Opinions from leading columnists.

The Team :

Prepared By:

1. Tanushree Suman Ray (Jr.Associate Editor)

2. Anitha Tamizharsan (Jr.Associate Editor)

4. Maseera Iram Misra (Research Intern)

Art Work:

1. K Charishma Sekhar(Content Writer cum Researcher)

Drafting and Editing:

1. Vijayalakshmi Raju (News Editor)

Graphics:

1. Prajith GC


HORRIFIC REGION OF IMPUNITY BY SARS MAKES MOCKERY OF ANTI TORTURE LAW



Nigeria

26th June,2020



One of the officers used an exhaust pipe to hit me one my teeth, breaking my teeth.” Said by 23 yrs. old Miracle, who was arrested and detained by SARS officers in Neni, Anambra state.

The Nigerian authorities were failed to bring legal proceedings against a single officer from the notorious Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), in spite of anti-torture legislation which passed in 2017. It is a fact that members of SARS continued to torture the Nigerian public. According to, “Times to End Impunity”, around 82 cases of torture, ill-treatment and extra-judicial execution were implemented by SARS in between 2017 and May 2020. The victims of the police unit, decided to fight against violent crimes, the majority of males were between the age of 18 to 35, which comes from the low-income backgrounds and vulnerable groups. After that, the young men were arrested unlawfully. They were beaten with sticks and denied medical and judicial help. Many victims of SARS violence, faced obstacles, in some case which include a threat to their lives. On 14th August, 2018, repeated promises by governments to reform the Nigerian force announced by the Inspector General of Police.

The Nigerian authorities must endure and ensure a real reform within SARS. These reforms must be translated into proper human rights executions.

LANDMARK JUDGEMENT REJECTS STIGMATIZATION OF NGOs





Europe and Central Asia

18th June,2020

The law needs NGO to label them as foreign funding which was not about fighting money laundering and international terrorism which is claimed by the Hungarian government. Instead of that the bad behaviour of NGOs to attempt of protecting the critical voice and take away the public support for an organization fighting human rights, justice and equality, it is very essential that the Hungary constitutional court should act quickly to its review of a repressive law, which must be declared as soon as possible.

The court of justice, EU(CJEU), has declared that Hungary’s foreign funding legislation is a clear breach of EU law which imposes discrimination, non- justified restriction on the financing. CJEU also ordered that this type of restrictions was violating the right to freedom of association, the right to respect each and everyone’s private and family life and give protection to their personal data. The law on the transparency of organizations of funded about more than 20,815 EUR.

The decision of CJEU concludes that infringement procedure which is launched by European Commission in 2017 in summer and in December 2017, mention Hungary to the CJEU. 23 NGOs filed a case with the European court of human rights, in which the dates were pending.

SUPREME COURTS APPROVES SCHEME PROPOSED BY CBSE FOR CLASS X AND XII EXAMS



New Delhi

26th June,2020

Supreme Court okays with the scheme o


f Central Board of Secondary Education(CBSE), where students of 10th and 12th pending exams will be measured for the exams cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic, by the method of an average of their best-performed paper in which they have already appeared. CBSE exams were scheduled for July have been cancelled. Assessment of performance of the students in the cancelation of exams will be based on an assessment scheme.

The three-judge Bench was led by Justice A. M. Khanwilkar mentioned the CBSE notification in a 10- page order.

ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education) also cancelled all the pending exams of 10th and 12th, but the assessment scheme would be slightly different from CBSE.

The assessment results would be final for class 10th. Class 12th can choose to appear for optional exams to be held in future once the pandemic situation improves. The option has to be exercised by the students within 15days.

ISRO CHIEF K SIVAN: PRIVATE SECTOR TO BE ALLOWED TO BUILD ROCKETS, PROVIDE LAUNCH SERVICES



New Delhi

25th June, 2020

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) which develops space technology and its application to various national needs undertaken by the Government of India is now allowing the private sector to commercially make use of the property it has created to date. The chairman of ISRO Chief K. Sivan says, “private firms can also independently build satellites and rockets and launch them from Indian soil”. He also mentioned about the private sector being the part of the Indian Space Research Organization's interplanetary missions. Further, a new government-instituted body that is the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (In-Space) will regulate the country’s space industry. This brought a drastic change in the field of space technology and its development.

“An open and inclusive space sector will result in accelerated growth, job creation, as well as innovations and will enable the Indian space industry to be a significant player in the global space economy,” says ISRO Chief.

Apart from the companies which develop systems for Indian space program such as Larson & Toubro, Godrej Aerospace, MTAR, and Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd, now the businessmen can also develop and launch their rockets and satellites. One of the space entrepreneur Susmita Mohanty says, “India should adopt global best practices and implement space reforms effectively to ensure long-term impact”.

As the newfangled of allowing private sector in ISRO, the founder and CEO of Pixel Mr Awais Ahmed relished, “This is a great step forward and can be potentially revolutionary for the sector in the years to come - as influential as when Trai (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India) was set up to provide a level-playing field to non-BSNL telecom operators. That change has led to the revolution that Jio and Airtel have brought and similar changes will come in remote sensing and other fields thanks to the setting up of In-Space”. Many other businessmen mentioned about the new reform and its many positive merits.

ALGERIA: CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM PROCESS UNDERMINED BY CRACKDOWN



Algeria

25th June, 2020

Last year, President Tebboune promised that when he comes to power, he would- “consolidate democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights” by carrying out essential constitutional reforms. However, following President Tebboune's announcement of constitutional reforms in December 2019, there was indeed a complete lack of clarity and transparency about both the timeline and procedure. Without even publishing an online version of the pre-draft to ensure it is available to the public, the government has stated that a copy has been sent to specific groups and individuals for suggestions.

On Friday, June 19, the Hirak protests continued, with police forces arresting at least 500 protesters across 23 cities. Many have been released without charge, but still, at least 70 were prosecuted under the provisions of the penal code, such as "exposure of the life of others to danger" and "incitement to unarmed gathering" during a pandemic which may result in imprisonment for 5 years.

On Sunday, June 21, at least 69 protesters, among them Hirak civil and political society figures such as Samir Belarbi and Karim Tabbou, stay in custody purely for taking part in peaceful protests or for publically expressing their opinions through the internet. The Constitutional Draft has become a clear sign that the government's undeniable promise to pay due attention to the Hirak protest movement appears to be intangible, even when peaceful civil society, activist groups, and reporters are languishing behind bars.

SIERRA LEONE: RAPE AND MURDER OF CHILD MUST BE A CATALYST FOR REAL CHANGE



Sierra Leone

25th June, 2020

“The authorities in Sierra Leone must bring those responsible for the rape and murder of this little girl to justice in fair trials and send a clear message that gender-based violence will not be tolerated”, Marta Colomer, Amnesty International’s Deputy Regional Director for West and Central Africa.

Marta says, “The government must also commit to longer-term reform of the justice system, as well as sustainable funding for children and women’s rights organizations, to eradicating violence and abuse, and addressing harmful gender stereotypes and myths around sexual violence.”

After many dissenters rampaged in Sierra Leone to call for equity for a five-year-old young lady who was assaulted and killed, Marta Colomer, Amnesty International's Acting Deputy Regional Director for West and Central Africa said: “The authorities in Sierra Leone must bring those responsible for the rape and murder of this little girl to justice in fair trials and send a clear message that gender-based violence will not be tolerated”.

The victim Kadija was sexually assaulted and murdered and hence, was verified by her parents about the incident on June 17. In the postmortem examination, it was mentioned that she died due to complications from injuries. Not only about the little child Kadija but there are several crimes – sexual assault and harassment against women in Sierra Leone. Day by day the number of incidents regarding sexual violence is increasing which was reported by Rainbo Initiative.

“A State of Public Emergency over rape and sexual violence”, as testified by the President Bio. After the came in the wake of rising violations following a series of cases involving minors. The parliament revoked the measure on June 19, 2019, and finally passed the Sexual Offences Amendment Act on September 19, 2019. This new act sets out, ‘all trials for sexual offence cases will proceed to the High Court without having to be heard in a Magistrate’s court to determine the sufficiency of evidence’.

FACEBOOK WARNS USERS IF ARTICLE SHARED IS OLDER THAN 90 DAYS



New Delhi

26th June 2020

Tackling misinformation on its platform, the social media network Facebook will now start alerting users when an article they wanted to share is more than 90 days old. The users however still are able to share such articles. Over the past several months, the internal research found that the timelines of an article is a very important piece of context that helps the people to decide what to read, trust and share, which was said in a blog spot. I think that the news publishers in a particular have expressed concerns about the older stories which is being shared on social media as current news, can misconstrue the state of current events. Publishing the news have already taken steps to address this on their own websites by prominently labelling older articles to prevent outdated news from being used in misleading ways, Mr Hegeman Noted.

Facebook will also test other users of notification screens. For Post which links mention in a pandemic, are exploring using a similar notification of screen which provides information about the source of the link and also directs people to the pandemic information of Centre for authoritative health information. In 2018, Facebook added the context button which provides information about the sources of articles in the news feed. To ensure people have the context they need to make informed of the decisions about what to share on Facebook the notification screen will be appearing when people click the share button on articles older than 90 days, but it will also allow people to continue sharing if they decide an article is still relevant, reports suggest.

HOUSE PASSES DEMOCRATIC POLICE REFORM BILL AFTER ‘GEORGE FLOYD’ DEATH



US and Canada

26th June 2020

The Democratic-controlled chamber ordered 236-181 for the measure mainly along party lines on Thursday night. The legislation is named after George Floyd, the unarmed black man whose death in police custody last month ignited worldwide protests. But US President Donald Trump has threatened to veto the measure. And his fellow Republicans in the Senate are proposing their own, less far-reaching bill. On Wednesday, Senate Democrats denied Republicans the old is needed to open floor debate on this legislation. President Trump told, if nothing happens with It, it’s one of those things. We have different philosophies. Neither Bill defund the police, and divert that spending to other community services, as called for by black lives matter activist.

There will be blood on the Democrats hands, Mr Scott of South Carolina told Fox news, if more black Americans died because of congressional in action. Earlier this week, Mrs Pelosi infuriated Republicans by accusing them of trying to get away with murder, actually. The murder of George flight.

FAIR AND LOVELY DECIDES TO DROP ‘FAIR’ FROM ITS NAME, TWITTER WITH MEMES



Mumbai

26th June 2020

Hindustan Unilever Ltd HUL on Thursday told it will stop using the word fair in its flagship brand fair and lovely as a brand is committed to celebrating all skin tones. Taking forward the brands journey towards a more inclusive vision of beauty the company told that it is committed to celebrating all skin tones and will also remove referred as the whitening or lightning from the products sold across Asia. The new name is awaiting regulatory approvals and the park with the revised name will be available in the market in the next few months.

The fair and lovely brand has been widely criticised for promoting fairness as a beauty simple. In the statement, the company told over the last decade, fair and lovely’s advertising has evolved to send across a message of women’s empowerment.

The brand vision was to adopt a holistic approach to beauty that cares for people, that must be inclusive and diverse for everyone, everywhere the HUL decision was welcomed by netizens, but several social media users also questioned the company that how the purpose of the product, which is a fairness cream, will change by removing a word.

LADAKH FACE OFF: NOTICEABLE THINNING OF CHINESE TROOP PRESENCE, SAYS GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL



New Delhi

26th June 2020

Indian and Chinese troops recently had a face-off along the LAC in Ladakh, the same area where People's Liberation Army had pitched camps in April, 2013 that had led to a three-week-long stalemate.

According to officials in the know of developments, the Chinese troops had built a temporary hut in Burtse, North of Ladakh, which was subsequently demolished by the ITBP and Army jawans on Friday. China is said to be eyeing this area, which gives an advantage to India to overlook the Karakoram highway linking the territory illegally occupied by China with Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir.

Besides, India has an Advanced Ground Landing (AGL) facility in Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO) which was activated in August 2013 and the Indian Air Force had managed to land a C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft at the airstrip located at 16614 feet above sea level. After reports about the construction of a hutment reached ITBP personnel, a joint patrol of para-military forces and the Army was sent to the area after which it was demolished.

Attempts for a flag meeting did not succeed as Chinese side did not revert on the date for a meet, the sources said. The PLA troops had made attempts to push the Indian troops back but these were thwarted, they said. Indian troops displayed the banners in Chinese asking the PLA to return to their side, the officials said. India and China share over 4,000 km of LAC. China claims approximately 90,000 sq km of territory in Arunachal Pradesh besides 38,000 sq km in Jammu and Kashmir sector. Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh is scheduled to visit India-China Border posts during his 3-day journey of Jammu and Kashmir from September 15 to 17, 2015. During the visit, Rajnath will visit 47th Bn. ITBP Camp at Samba on Tuesday and inaugurate officers mess. He will visit Border Outposts (BoPs) at Hot Spring, Thakung and Chushul on Wednesday.


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